Lead vs NMC vs LFP

Please note: This chart is only a generic guide. Specifications may be different on a specific battery and application.

Type:

LEAD

NMC

LFP

Chemistry:

Lead, Sulfuric acid

Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide

Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4)

Best use:

Inexpensive equipment and devices

Electric Motors, High Current, Extended Discharge, Size Restricted Applications

Energy Storage, High Cycling, Electronic Systems, Robotics, Deep Discharge Systems, Sensitive Electronics

Life Cycles:

200-300

1000+

2000+

Per/Cell Voltage:

2.1V

3.7V

3.3V

Energy Density:

20-25 Wh/kg

150-220 Wh/kg

90-120 Wh/kg

Capacity Range:

35-70 Ah

1.5-100 Ah

1.5-100 Ah

Charge Rate:

<=0.3C

<=0.5C

<=0.5C

Discharge Rate:

1C

2-3C

1-2C

Charge Temperature:

-20-50C

0-45C

0-45C

Discharge Temperature:

-20-50C

-20-60C

-20-60C

Operating + Storage Humidity:

-20+-35% R.H

60+-25% R.H

60+-25% R.H

Battery Management System (BMS):

Basic Balancer

3C Non-Data Standard

1-2C Non-Data Standard

Available for both NMC & LFP below:

Connectors:

Unibody, Gendered, Modular, Quick Detach, Standard Terminal Posts

Cabling:

1-3 Output/Input Cables, Independent Discharge/Charge Cables, Standard Screw Terminal, Data Output Connectors

Form Factor:

PVC Light Duty Soft Wrap, PE Heavy Duty Soft Wrap, ABS Standard Sizes, Custom Metal Chassis

Data Boards:

CANbus, SMbus, I2C, Bluetooth